Sunday, November 19, 2006

Enchor-er Dalna ba Enchor Chingri

Enchor Dalna, Raw Jackfruit Curry

That means Green JackFruit Curry
Enchor (ch pronounced as in chair and not as in choir) or Green Jackfruit is another veggie pretty popular in Bengal. I knew the jackfruit tree grows in the tropics but didn’t know this:
The jackfruit is believed indigenous to the rain forests of the Western Ghats of India. It spread early on to other parts of India, southeast Asia, the East Indies and ultimately the Philippines. It is often planted in central and eastern Africa and is fairly popular in Brazil and Surinam.

Both the ripenend fruit of this tree, popularly known as Kathal in Bengali & Hindi and the green unripe one known as Enchor in Bengali is very popular. The ripened jackfruit is sweet and has a delicious heady smell and is eaten as a fruit. The green unripe one is eaten as a vegetable. It is also a very nutritious fruit. It contains protein, fat, calcium, iron vitamin B, B2 and vitamin A. More on JackFruit here.

My grandparents house in Bihar had a huge jackfruit tree in the garden and it produced abundant fruits during summer. The huge tree with broad, deep green glossy leaves & the green jackfruits clinging to it was a pleasure to watch. Though I was not very fond of the ripened jackfruit I liked the enchor er dalna or the green jackfruit curry. The enchor when cooked in the aamish or non-veg way with onion & garlic closely resembles the goat meat and hence this enchor also has a nickname in Bengal “Gach Pa(n)tha” which literally translated means “Tree Goat” but the essence being Vegetarian Meat.

Also if you are a young Bong and are trying to act too smart, you know what the elders would say, you are “Enchore Paka” !!!! This means you are a green jackfruit who has ripened before age ;-)

Here in the US I like the Chaokoh canned green Jackfruit. They are pretty tender and since they are canned in brine, it takes very little time to cook

I cooked jackfruit in the non-vegetarian way with onion & garlic over the weekend. I also threw in some shrimp after I saw that a dish called Enchor Chingri really exists, I can go that extra mile for my love of shrimp. You can skip the shrimp, no harm done, my Ma never cooked enchor with shrimp.

What You Need

1 can of Chaokoh Green JackFruit ~ 1 can is about 570g. I got it from my Indian Grocery Store, you can try other Asian stores too. It is here on Amazon, but the price of the same can is 3 times as compared to my local store!!!
Potatoes ~ 1 whole, peeled and cut in cubes
Onions ~ 1 medium grind to a paste
Tomatoes ~ 1 medium very well chopped
Green Chillies ~ 3/4 chopped (Optional)

For Phoron or tempering:
TejPata or BayLeaves ~ 3 or 4
Dry red Chillies ~ 3/4

For Masala:
/ Cardamom ~ 2-3
Darchini or Cinnamon ~ a small stick
Laung or Cloves ~ 2-3
Jeera or Cumin Powder ~ about 2 tsp
Garlic Paste ~ 1 tsp
Ginger Paste ~ 1 tsp
Yogurt ~ 1 tbsp
Turmeric Powder
Garam Masala Powder ~ 1/2 tsp
Ghee ~ 1 tsp optional

With Shrimp:
15/20 pre cooked medium or small shrimp ~ after thawing mix them with little turmeric powder and salt.

How I Do It

Since the jackfruit is canned in brine, it becomes a little salty. So the night before you cook, open the can, drain the liquid, wash the jackfruit several times in water and soak them in fresh water over night
Cut the Jackfruit pieces in Cubes, cut Potatoes in Cubes
Note: Toss the jackfruit cubes with a little Red Chili powder, 1/2 tsp of Cumin and Corriander powder each
Heat Oil in Kadai/Frying Pan
If I am using shrimp I fry the shrimp first and then keep them aside

Note: Add about 1/2 tsp of sugar to the oil if using canned jackfruit. When the sugar browns add the jackfruit pieces. Lightly fry the jackfruit pieces in oil. Remove and keep aside. Similarly saute the potatoes. Remove and keep aside.

Add the Tej Pata (Bay Leaves) and Dry Red Chillies as phoron
Coarsely pound the Elaichi (Cardamom), Laung (Cloves) & Darchini (Cinnamon Sticks) and add it to the oil
As soon as the spices start crackling Add the onions.
Add a little sugar and fry them till they are light brown in color.

Note: You can also chop onion in large chunks --> fry till soft and brown on the edges --> cool and blend. Use this fried onion paste instead of raw onion paste for a very nice taste.

Add the chopped tomato and the green chillies
Continue frying till the tomatoes are well blended, all mushed up.

Note: For a smoother curry, puree the tomatoes and green chili and then cook

Add the potatoes, a pinch of turmeric powder and fry till they take on a light golden hue
Add 1 tsp of Ginger Paste & 1 tsp of Garlic Paste
Add about 2 tsp of jeera Powder mixed in 1 tbsp of Yogurt to a paste and continue what we say in Bangla as “Kashano”. I don’t know how to explain this but this means cook, stir do the whole routine, till the masala looks and feels cooked.

Note: Instead of only Cumin Powder, you can add 1 tsp Roasted Cumin Powder + 1 tsp Roasted Corriander powder + 1/2 tsp of Kashmiri Mirch. I normally lightly dry roast cumin & corriander and then make a large batch of such powder.

Add the cubed green jackfruit and Cook for some more time till the masala coats the jackfruit and the potatoes nicely.

Add little water as needed for gravy, salt, and cover and Cook
Cook till Potatoes and Enchor or jackfruit is done.

Note: Adjust for salt and seasonings. I usually add some sugar at this point to balance the tartness of canned jackfruit

The above pic is before the potatoes were done, so the gravy reduces more and the gravy is not very watery
If I am adding shrimp, I add the fried shrimps at this point
Sprinkle a little Garam Masala Powder and add a ½ tsp of ghee (optional , but lends a nice smell)
Cook for maybe some more minutes, check if tastes perfect and you are done.
Have this with Rice or Roti.

For the Vegetarian or Niramish way:

I asked my Ma for this and though I haven’t tried this, this is how she makes it.
Heat Oil and add about 1 heaped tbsp of Ginger paste and about ½ tsp of hing or asafoetida powder.
Saute and add BayLeaves , Dry Red Chillies and coarsely ground Elaichi, Cardamom, & Darchini
Follow procedures as above, but omit the onions & garlic Paste.
Also along with Cumin Powder add Corriander Powder.
Rest is same.

Everyone at home enjoyed this dalna and even my almost 3 yr old who is not a veggie fan ate up her enchor.
This is my entry for WHB a event started by Kalyn of Kalyn's Kitchen and this week hosted by Nandita of Saffron Trail. I was not sure if I could send an entry for this but since I cooked this over the weekend, I thought it would be a nice thing to share.
Trivia: Jackfruit or Kathal is the National fruit of Bangladesh. Wow that's a big thing


  1. dear sandeepa,
    wow ,great info on kathaal ,paka khaatal (ripened Jack fruit )is also so popular in Bengal.
    But Khataal er dalna te shrimp twist is oh so interesting.
    thanks for sharing .
    Hugs and Smiles

  2. Sandeepa that green jackfruit curry, is so appetizing. I am always a little reluctant to buy the canned jackfruit though I check them out at the grocery store (ours is run by a Malayalee) so he sure has it. Next time I go there I am buying a tin.

  3. hi Sandeepa your jackfruit curry looks good.

  4. Hey.... I have never been fond of jackfruit...... but this really makes it sound delicious. :) great going dear. :)

  5. I can never resist buying it on the rare occasions that I've seen this vegetable - all of two times - but the result has always been bad. Maybe I'll try yours one day.

  6. This comment has been removed by the author.

  7. Shrimp with echor is the best. And it does taste like mangsho. :)

    Echor is available in Korean Grocery Stores, atleast out here. I am wondering over the weekend about mocha.

    How about a post on first how to cut mocha?

  8. Sandeepa - thanks to you now I can buy Khathal in the US. I was always hesitant to buy the canned variety. Kintu ekhon ota kine ami echorer dalna banabo.

  9. Very interesting. Thanx for sharing.

  10. That Kathal is the national fruit of Bangladesh is a wonderful trivia. The fruit, one of my favourites, deserves the honour. And in your honour may I present you November's Isspecial Cutting Chai.

  11. nice jackfruit recipe, haven't prepared anything from it, will surely try.

  12. hey sandeepa,
    I am a first time visiter to your blog and hey i must say that its a beautiful work !!! all thanks to the way this jackfruit dish of yours made me miss india all over again ...i love this fruit raw or ripe in any form ...and will surely try this one out ...
    thanks again
    Seema Bhat

  13. hi sandeepa,
    raw jakfruit dishes are very popular in my native. there are quite many trees in our estate... how i miss it...i'm not sure whether we get it in UK:(
    lucky u... do parcel me some cans... he he he...

  14. Hi Sandeepa, great recipe! I always hesitated to buy those cans of Jackfruit etc. I will have to try now!:)

    Thanks. Happy Thanksgiving.

  15. mantu,
    hyan shrimp dile shob kichui bhalo lage, ki bolo ?

    yeah try them, but remember to drain & soak in fresh water overnight



    how do you guys do it ?

    Moca amr in-house chopper er sadhya kuloy na...tai no mocha
    As a substitute you can try this:

  16. mandira,
    hyan ei canned enchor ta shojao, katar jhamela nei


    thanks for the very nice mention in your blog


    thanks & welcome to my blog

    Supriya & Asha
    Thanks to both of you
    Supriya, you can try any other Asian stores in UK, they should have them too

  17. I love this vegetable. It was fun to hear about the 'ripe jackfruit'! I am also reminded of another typical 'Baangal' saying which roughly translates to 'Jackfruit's on the tree and he's oiling his mustache' denoting some wishful thinking! Monica Ali uses it in her book Brick Lane.

  18. Yeah Devalina,
    You are right, the saying goes "Gache Kathal, Gonfe Tel", which kind of means "making castles in the air"

  19. came here through soumyadip's blog. and what happened ..can be termed at first sight..

    tomar recipe and blog pore o chobi dekhei kide pacche aar radhte icche korche..........

  20. Wow, such a fantablous looking exotic curry ! I would love to try this sometime.Thanks for sharing this ..:)

  21. Dwaipayan,
    Thank You and welcome to my blog....
    Abar esho, baki ranna chakhte

    Thanks dear

  22. Dear Sandeepa, this looks great. Aami just plan korchilam enchorer-torkari banabo, but you beat me to it...and there is only joy in it to see one of my favorite dish presented so well. I cook this often in this bengali style and take it for potluck. People just love it. But I have never seen shrimp added to it before this.

  23. Mystic,
    Why don't you post your recipe of Encho-er Dalna. Though the ingredients are same, there are always differences in the way each one makes it.
    So please, please post your recipe too...

  24. Very, very intersting. I didn't know anything about green jackfruit, so thank you for enlightening me. I'll look for the can at my Indian market to see if it's available here.

  25. Well! I guess that we, shreya, my girlfriend and I would like to add our names to the growing list of people who thank you for this recipe. You have been bookmarked and will be my point of reference each time either of us cook echor. Thank you Sandeepa Di.

    Kaustav and Shreya!!

  26. Sandeepa,

    I always cook Echor the onion garlic way , like they say you make mangsho. My wife has eaten Echor made in the ada jeers way as was cooked sometime by her mami. And she always praises that preparation .

    Today morning I thought , let me google search the echorer dalna , ada jeera way . And I found your blog.

    Thanks lots , I am going to cook it ada jeera hing way and I am sure it will come good.

    My hobby is cooking and I give recipes to many persons . I found it amusing that the way you write your recipe is similar to the way I generate recipes.

    Thanks again .

    I will try and join your blog.

    Ranjan Kar from Bangalore

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  32. Hi,
    I've tried many of your delicious recipes religiously and must admit that they taste absolutely delicious.......

  33. Thanks so much, I've been looking for a green Jackfruit recipe, My mother's recipe was lost for ever after she passed away!
    BTW.. Green Jackfruit is listed as a substitute for rhinoceros meat in the scriptures, its a crucial ingredient in SHrard food!

  34. I've always loved ur blog ... I've tried a lot of ur recipes and they r khubi bhalo ...


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